Communiction and historical thinking

The article attempts to apply the results of philosophy and sociology of science to the analysis of the nature and prospects of historical thinking. It is stated that communication can be presented not only as a way of organizing the scientific community, but also as a principle of organization of the scientific text. A variant of the communicative structure of the scientific text is offered. It is argued that such a structure can be presented as a condition of the efficiency of the cognition process, and thus become part of scientific ethos. It is shown that significant problems of historical thinking are due to the discrepancy between the historical text structure and this communicative structure.

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Identity, History, Tolerance

Identity, History, Tolerance // SHS Web of Conferences Vol. 28 (2016) (International Conference on Research Paradigms Transformation in Social Sciences. Tomsk, Russia, December 15-17, 2015) (Surovtsev V.).

The Cognitive Role of Metaphors in Processes of Cultural Production

This paper discusses the potential of metaphor in the processes of cultural production. The authors believe that the creation of metaphors should be viewed as a mechanism for such production. This approach involves the interpretation of metaphor as a way of creating new meanings. The development of this idea requires a revision of the widespread substitution view of metaphor. So, if the literal meaning is known, the use of metaphors should be considered excessive. To avoid the view of metaphor as a simile or analogy, it must be assumed that through metaphor the common feature is created rather than explicated. To do this, a hypothesis is developed that the primary effect of metaphor is simply to capture imagination.

The Cognitive Role of Metaphors in Processes of Cultural Production / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences Volume 200, (22 August 2015) (The XXVI Annual International Academic Conference, Language and Culture), 27–30 October 2015, P. 130-134. (Surovtsev V.)

Valery A. Surovtsev, Vasily N. Syrov

Outlooks of J. Rawls's theory of justice

Valery Surovtsev, Vasily Syrov

Abstract. The article discusses the role of Rawls's theory of justice for the evaluation and improvement of social wellbeing. It is shown that the idea of justice can be seen as a specification of a more general moral idea of dignity. This approach allows us to characterize the actions of institutions and individuals not only in terms of their effectiveness, but also of their conformity with the dignity of the individual. Like any moral theory, Rawls's theory of justice is designed to assess various forms of social life and to determine the nature of the action towards them. The article claims that the introduction of the two principles of justice provides a higher degree of moral sensitivity to various forms of social life and a more differentiated moral attitude towards them. In conclusion, the paper examines the limits of applicability of Rawls's theory of justice. The article argues that the priority role of the idea of justice in the structure of moral theory comes from the specifics of the market society.

Surovtsev V., Syrov V. Outlooks of J. Rawls's theory of justice / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 166 (Proceedings of The International Conference on Research Paradigms Transformation in Social Sciences 2014 (RPTSS-2014)), 7 January 2015, P.176–181